The Care Act 2014 is a UK Act of Parliament passed in May 2014 that establishes a framework for the assessment and support of care and support needs for adults.
The Act applies to adults aged 18 and over who may have physical or mental disabilities, chronic illness, or other needs that require assistance with daily living activities.
The Act makes provisions about:
The Act established two new bodies: Health Education England and the Health Research Authority.
The Act aims to improve care and support for adults in need and provide better protection for adults at risk of abuse or neglect.
Here are some key provisions of the Care Act:
Assessment of care and support needs
Local authorities are required to carry out assessments of care and support needs for adults in their area.
These assessments should consider an individual's physical, mental, and emotional needs, as well as their social and environmental circumstances.
The aim of the assessment is to identify the support and services that an individual may need to live as independently as possible.
The Care Act places a strong emphasis on prevention, with a requirement for local authorities to take steps to prevent, reduce, or delay the need for care and support.
This can include measures such as providing information and advice, promoting healthy lifestyles, and supporting people to access community resources.
The Care Act requires local authorities to offer people the option to direct their own care and support, including through the use of personal budgets.
Personal budgets are an allocation of funds that can be used to purchase the care and support services that an individual needs, giving them more control over how their support is provided.
Information and advice
Local authorities are required to provide information and advice to people about their care and support options, including information about the financial support available.
This can include information about the services and support available from the local authority, as well as information about other sources of support such as charities and community organizations.
Involvement of carers
The Care Act requires local authorities to involve carers in the assessment and support planning process for the people they care for.
This can include providing information and advice to carers and involving them in the review and planning of care and support.
The Care Act requires local authorities to involve people in the planning and review of their care and support and to promote their involvement in decision-making.
The Act also requires local authorities to ensure that care and support is provided in a way that is sensitive to an individual's needs and preferences, and that promotes their well-being and independence.
The Care Act aims to ensure that people with disabilities and other needs have access to high-quality, person-centered care and support that meets their individual needs and helps them to live as independently as possible.
It also aims to promote choice, control, and autonomy for people receiving care and support, and to involve carers in the care and support planning process.